Someone once said, "When my nails look good, I feel like I can conquer the world." That someone was me, and I stand by my statement. Having perfectly filed and polished nails makes me feel like I have my act together, even if the reality is the opposite. Oh, and the hand massages? Heaven. When I was pregnant, the more uncomfortable I became, the more I relied on manicures (and pedicures) to feel good. But with growing concerns about harsh chemicals and their impact on our health, many wonder: Are manicures during pregnancy actually safe?
Known as "The Big Five," there are five main chemicals commonly found in nail polishes and other products which experts point to as being potentially harmful: dibutyl phthalate, toluene, formaldehyde, formaldehyde resin, and camphor. When you learn what makes them dangerous, you'll see why it's worth finding a salon that doesn't use products with these chemicals:
Dibutyl pchthalate (DBP): DBP (try saying that three times fast) is in the phthalate family of chemicals, according to Chemical Safety Facts. It's traditionally been used in nail polish to minimize chipping, reported a blog post on the Ella + Mila website, which also outlined DBP's potential health risks (including endocrine disruption, impairment of the hormonal development of male fetuses, organ damage, and the potential to instigate early-onset menopause).
Toluene: The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics reported toluene as a toxic chemical "found naturally in crude oil and in the tolu tree... used in nail products to suspend the color and form a smooth finish across the nail." The site added that exposure to this chemical can contribute to "headaches, dizziness and cracked skin, as well as more serious effects such as reproductive damage and respiratory complications."
So what's it doing in nail salons? As per the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), formaldehyde is used as a hardening agent in polishes and nail hardeners, though using it frequently can actually cause your nails to become brittle and weak. In addition, the FDA noted it "may also cause skin irritation, as well as allergic reactions." But that's not all, as many worry formaldehyde can also lead to cancer, according to Women's Health.
Formaldehyde resin: Different from straight formaldehyde, this resin is described by the website Cosmeticsinfo.org as "a polymer formed from the reaction of toluenesulfonamide and formaldehyde." I literally have no idea what that means, but I do know that it's used to form that shiny film that makes your nails glossier.
There isn't as much research on the safety concerns of this ingredient as some of the others, but as reported by eco-friendly nail polish line Ella + Mila on their site, "preliminary studies show it can cause severe skin irritation and allergic reactions, skin depigmentation and loss of nerve sensation."
Camphor: Camphor is actually naturally-derived from the wood of a camphor tree, as explained by the Environmental Working Group. But synthetic camphor used in nail polish to make it glossy can cause nausea, dizziness, headaches, and disorientation, according to the website Green Matters.
Another potential risk at nail salons is one that might not be on your radar at all: The UV dryers. Sure, it's frustrating when you leave the salon thinking your nails are dry and then, boom, one wrong move to get your keys from your purse and your perfect nails are ruined. But you know what's worse than that? Potentially harming your health. Though the FDA reports the risk is low when it comes to normal UV exposure under these machines, why take the risk at all when (as the FDA also reports) exposure to ultraviolet radiation can "cause damage to your skin, especially if you’re exposed over time... and lead to premature wrinkles, age spots, and even skin cancer."
I know, you love your gel manicure. But like many "good" things, it may be time for this one to come to an end.
So yes, manicures are a fabulous way to relax and pamper yourself during pregnancy and mama, you deserve all the relaxation money can buy right now. However, be mindful of where you go, what products they're using (not just on you, but in the salon as a whole), and how long you're staying in the salon itself. Your health, and your baby, will thank you.